אינטרלינגואה/דקדוק/אוצר מילים בסיסי

מתוך ויקיספר, אוסף הספרים והמדריכים החופשי
קפיצה לניווט קפיצה לחיפוש

A - D[עריכה]

a: to; at

ab: prep since, from

alias: otherwise, in another manner; alias; at another time

alibi: elsewhere

ali(c)-: any-, some-

alicubi: somewhere; anywhere

alicun: some, any; a few;

alicun cosa: something, anything

alicuno: someone, somebody; anyone, anybody

aliquando: sometime; at any time

aliquanto: somewhat, to some degree

alique (pron): something, anything

alique (adv): somewhat

alora: then; in that case, consequently

alto: top

in alto: up; upwards; upstairs; on top

ambe: adj both;

ambes: pron both

an: interrogative particle; conj whether

an il habe le libro?: has he the book?

ancora: adv still, yet; interj encore

anque: also, too;

anque io: me too

non solo ... ma anque: not only ... but also

ante (prep): before, in front of; earlier than; above

ante (adv): before, ahead; earlier; forward

ante que: before

ante-heri: day before yesterday

a pena: hardly, scarcely

apud: near, with, at, by

assatis: adv enough; rather, fairly, quite

assi: thus, so

assi ... como: as ... as

avante: before, in front, ahead; forward

basso: bottom

a basso: down, downward

in basso: down, below, downward; downstairs

bastante (adj): enough, sufficient

bastante (adv): enough, sufficiently

ben que: although

bis: twice; encore

cata: adj each;

cata uno: each (one)

causa: cause

a causa de: because of

certo: certainly

circa: around, about; approximately

como: how; as, like;

como si: as though, as if

comocunque: however, in whatever way

con: with, together with; by means of

concernente: concerning

contra (prep): opposite, facing; against

contra (adv): opposite, facing; on the contrary

cuje: whose

-cunque: -ever

de: from, since; of, belonging to; made of; with, by means of

de (+ inf): to

deman: tomorrow

deman matino: tomorrow morning

deman vespere: tomorrow night

depost (adv): afterwards, later

depost (prep): after, since

depost que: since, from the time that

desde: prep since, from

dum: while, as long as; until; provided that, if only

dunque: therefore

durante: during

durante que: while, whilst

E - H[עריכה]

e: and; e ... e: both ... and

ecce: lo!, see!, behold!; here is, here are

ergo: therefore, accordingly, consequently, then, ergo

esque: interr part

esque ille ha le libro?: has he the book?

et cetera, etc.: and so forth, and so on, et cetera, etc.

etiam: also, likewise, too; even, even yet, yet;

non solmente ... sed etiam: not only... but also

ex: out of, from

excepte: except, excepting

extra (adv): without, on the outside; besides, in addition, extra;

extra (prep): outside of, without, beyond; except, excepting; besides, in addition to

foras (adv): out of doors, outside, out; from without

foras (prep): beyond, except

foras de: outside of, without

foras de se: beside oneself

forsan: perhaps, maybe

gratis: gratis, free of charge

haber: to have

il ha: there is, there are

heri: yesterday

hic: here

de hic a (un hora): (an hour) from now

usque (a) hic: up to here, thus far; up to now, hitherto;

hic juncte: herewith

hodie: today

I - L[עריכה]

ibi: there

ibidem: in the same place; ibidem ibid.,; Ib.

idem: the same (thing); idem; id.

igitur: adv/conj then, therefore, thereupon

il: impers pron it

illa: she, her

illac: there

ille: he, it; him; that, the former

illes: they; them

illo: it

in: in, into

infra (adv): below, underneath, beneath

infra (prep): below, under, beneath

insimul: together

inter: between, among

interim: meanwhile, in the meantime

intertanto: meanwhile, in the meantime

intra: adv/prep within

intro: inwardly, internally, on the inside, in

io: I

ipse: myself, yourself, himself, etc.

hodie ipse: this very day

iste: this, the latter

ita: thus, so; just so, yes; and so, consequent]y; accordingly

jam: already, at once, right away; just now, a moment ago; indeed, surely

non... jam: no longer

jammais: ever, at any time

non... jammais: never

jammais!: never!

justo: just, exactly

justo nunc, justo ora: just now, right now

juxta (adv): near, near by

juxta (prep): near, near to, next to

la: her

le: art the

le: pron him

les: them

lo: it

lo que: that which, what

loco: place

in loco de: instead of

in su loco: instead

longe: far; away, far away

de longe: from afar, from a distance

lontan: distant, far-off

lor: their

lore: their

M - P[עריכה]

ma: but

non solo ... ma anque: not only... but also

malgrado: in spite of

maniera: manner, way

de maniera que: so that

me: me

melio: adv better

tanto melio: so much the better

melior: adj better

le melior: the best

mesme: same; myself, yourself, himself, etc. (as in "the king himself")

mesmo: likewise; even

hodie mesmo: this very day

ora mesmo: right now

mi: my

mie: mine

minus: less; minus

a minus que: unless

al minus: at least

totos minus ille: all but him

le minus: the least

multo: very; much

nam: for

nemo: no one, nobody

ni: neither, nor, also not

nihil, nil: nothing

nimie: adj too much, too many

nimis: adv too, too much

no: adj, no

non: not; no

si non: if not; except, unless it be

nondum: not yet

nonne: interr part is it not?

il es ver, nonne?: it is true, isn't it?

nonobstante (prep): despite, in spite of

nonobstante (adv): nevertheless

nos: us, we

nostre: our, ours

nulle: adj not any, no; null, worthless, without legal force

nullemente: in no way, not at all

nunc: now

nunquam: never

nusquam: nowhere

o: or

o ... o: either ... or

olim: once, formerly; at a future time, sometime (in the future)

omne: adj all; each, every

de omne mano: from every hand

de omne latere: from every side

in omne caso: in any case

omne cosa: everything

omnes: pron all

on: one

ora: now

parte: part

a parte: apart, aside

in parte: in part

del parte de: on the part of

de parte a parte: through and through

in nulle parte: nowhere

passato: ago

pauc: adj little, not much; few

un pauc (de): a little

pauc a pauc: little by little

in pauc: shortly, before long

pauco: adv little

per: through; during, throughout; by, through, by means of; per

perque: adv/conj why; because

plus: more; plus

le plus: the most

de plus: furthermore, besides

de plus in plus: more and more

in plus: further more, in addition, also

al plus: at best

plus o minus: more or less

non ... plus: no more; no longer

pois: adv afterwards, thereafter; conj for

pois que: since, as, because

post (adv): behind, back, backwards; afterwards, after

post (prep): behind; after

post que: since, because

postea: afterwards, thereafter

postquam: conj after; as soon as

potius: rather; sooner

presso: adv/prep near, close

a presso de: at the home of; in care of; with, among

presto: presto, quickly, quick as a wink

preter (adj): past, beyond

preter (prep): past, along, alongside of; beyond; except, excepting; in addition to

pridem: long ago

pro: for, in favor of; in exchange for, in place of

pro (+ inf): (in order) to

proque: adv/conj why; because

Q - T[עריכה]

qual: which; what

--le qual: which; that; who

qualcunque: any, whatever

quando: adv/conj when

quandocunque: whenever

quante: add how much, how many

quanto: adv as much as; as far as

--quanto ... tanto: the ... the

--quanto a: as for

quare: wherefore, why

quasi: almost, nearly; in a certain sense, in a way

--quasi que: as if

que (interr pron): what

que (rel pron): who, whom, which, that

qui: who, whom

--de qui: whose

quia: because, for

quicunque: whoever, whomever, whosoever

quo (adv): whither, where; wherefore

quo (conj): so that, in order that

re: about, concerning

retro: back, backwards; ago

--a retro: backwards

salvo: save, but, but for

--salvo que: save that, but that

satis: enough; rather, somewhat

--esser satis: to be enough

--haber satis: to have enough

--satis de (tempore, etc.): enough (time, etc.)

se: refl pron himself; herself; itself; themselves

secundo: prep (following) after; along, by; according to

--secundo que: according as

sed: but

semper: always

si (adv): thus, so; yes

--si ... como: as... as

si (conj): if; whether

--si non: if not; except, unless it be

sia: be, may be, let there be

--sia ... sia: be (it) ... or be (it); whether ... or

--qual que sia: whatever, whatsoever

sin: prep without

sol: adj sole, alone, only

--viver sol: to live alone

--sentir se sol: to feel lonesome, lonely

solo: adv only, merely

--non solo ... ma anque: not only... but also

su: his, her, its

sub: prep under, below, beneath

subinde: immediately after, just after, forthwith; repeatedly, frequently, often, from time

to time

subito: suddenly, unexpectedly

subtus: adv below, beneath, underneath

sue: his, hers, its

super (prep): on, upon; on top of; over, above; about, concerning, on

super (adv): above, on top

--super toto: above all

supra (prep): above, over

supra (adv): on the top, above

sur: on, upon; on top of

tal: such, such a

--tal e tal: such and such

talmente: adv so

--un libro talmente belle: so beautiful a book, such a beautiful book

tamen: yet, however, nevertheless, not withstanding

tante: adj so much, so many

tante per cento: so much per hundred, percent age

tante ... como: as much, as many... as

tanto: adv, so, so much

tanto ... como: as much... as

in tanto que: in as much as

tanto plus ... que: all the more... that

quanto ... tanto: the... the

tarde: adj, late

plus tarde: later; later on

al plus tarde: at the latest

te: you, thee; yourself, thyself

tosto: presently, soon, promptly

plus tosto: rather, sooner

si tosto que: as soon as

tote: adj all; every, each

tote le (homines): all (men)

totos: all, everyone

de tote (le) corde: wholeheartedly

tote (le) duo: both

totevia: yet, still, nevertheless

toto: n all, everything

le toto: the whole

super toto: above all

ante toto: before all

--post toto: after all

del toto: at all

in toto: entirely, wholly, in toto

toto: adv all, quite, wholly

trans: across, over, beyond, on the farther side of

troppo: too, too much

troppo (de) (libros, etc.): too many (books, etc.)

troppo (de) (aqua, etc.): too much (water, etc.)

de troppo: superfluous, in the way, de trop

tu: your, thy

tue: yours, thine

tunc: then